By Jim Schutze
By Rachel Watts
By Lauren Drewes Daniels
By Anna Merlan
By Lee Escobedo
By Eric Nicholson
After receiving a court order for child support in 1990, Lena Williams was counting on the money her ex-boyfriend, Johnnie Neal, had been told to pay. Though it was only $210 a month, the money would have been helpful, especially three years ago when her son Jason needed surgery to have pins placed in one of his hips.
But instead of the support to which she was entitled, Williams banked only frustration, becoming one of the thousands of mothers in Texas unable to collect her due. For five years she sought help from the state Attorney General's Office and got nothing in return.
Finally, Williams turned to Child Support Enforcement, one of the increasing number of private companies which have sprung up to help parents--mostly mothers--collect the back child support due them. Chasing profits in the anguish of single parents, companies like CSE promise to hunt down errant parents and get the cash, in exchange for a hefty cut.
CSE, based in Austin, charges a $375 administrative fee and takes a 33 percent slice of any money it collects. Nothing else had worked, so Williams signed a contract with CSE in September 1995, hoping the company would chase down at least some of the money owed by Neal.
Instead of enjoying a respite from red tape and frustration, however, Williams says she found herself involved in another bureaucratic mess as the company misplaced one of her checks and then tried to attack her character for complaining about it. Williams plans to file a complaint against the company with the Better Business Bureau, and is now fighting to get out of her contract with CSE.
"They lied to me," says Williams, who worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture management and labor relations department for three years, but is now on disability with carpal tunnel syndrome. "They thought I was a dumb welfare queen. But sometimes you dumb yourself down to find out more about people. And I found out how they really are. They prey on people."
For its part, CSE says that the whole thing was an innocent mistake, and that Williams was sent her missing check as soon as it was found. Richard Hoffman, owner of CSE, says that he understands Williams' frustration, but insists his company did nothing wrong.
"I don't think we intended to malign her at all," he says. "[We] thought we had done our due diligence."
After she signed up with the company, it took almost a year before Williams began receiving payments. In August 1996, she started getting checks twice a month. After CSE took its cut, the checks to Williams came to about $70 each.
It was better than nothing, especially since her son now requires regular X-rays and physical therapy, expenses which aren't covered by Medicare, Williams says.
The trouble began in November 1996, when Williams did not receive one of her semimonthly checks. When she called CSE to find out what had happened, she says she was told the check had been mailed to her on November 21. It was now December, and the check had never arrived, although others had come in the mail since then. Williams says CSE started to rebuff her frequent phone calls asking about the missing money. "I was pissed," she says.
By January, Williams still had received no explanation for the missing money, so she filed a complaint against CSE with the consumer protection division of the state Attorney General's Office. In the complaint, Williams said she wanted the company to give her the missing money and let her out of her contract.
CSE Vice President Jim Bishop responded with a letter that was news to Williams. Bishop wrote the Attorney General's Office saying that Williams had received the disputed check and deposited it in her bank account. Since Williams did not even have a bank account, she says Bishop's version of events was impossible.
With his letter, Bishop included a copy of what he claimed was the check, with Williams' signature on the back. The CSE executive also accused Williams of hanging up on CSE representatives who were assisting her, tying up their 800 line (rather than using the costly long-distance line), and trying to play the Attorney General's Office against CSE.
"We have letters from her criticizing the Attorney General's Office and praising CSE," Bishop wrote. "Now she is praising your office and criticizing CSE."
"If Ms. Williams would have taken the time to use our client line properly and not terminated calls...perhaps this [problem] could have been avoided," he wrote later.
Williams was flabbergasted and furious. Not only had the company lied about sending her a check, she says, but it had also maligned her character. Williams hasn't had a bank account in two years. All the checks she received from CSE were cashed. She wanted to know where this mythical bank account came from.
Williams began to dig and call in favors from her days spent working for the federal government. She eventually found someone in the child support division of the Attorney General's Office willing to track down the mysterious check. In cases like Williams', the errant spouses actually send their support checks directly to the attorney general's office, which has responsibility under law to collect the owed money.