By Lauren Smart
By Jane R. LeBlanc
By Lauren Smart
By Elaine Liner
By Jim Schutze
By Rachel Watts
Saying one thing, meaning another; calling herself one thing, being another -- it was a conflicted state of existence for Washington that generated some of her greatest music and eventually dragged her into a pit of liquor and barbiturates, where she sank at age 39 in 1963, never to resurface. This particular Queen's blood wasn't blue, it was Negro, a fact she is reminded of in the opening (and centerpiece) scene of Dinah Was -- the first black performer ever to headline at the Las Vegas strip couldn't get a room inside the Sahara.
Goldstick's musical is episodic and it flouts the chronology of Washington's life. That gives it spontaneity -- you never know what city or situation you're going to land in -- but also reinforces the varied, confusing, contradictory realities that the foul-mouthed, angry singer traveled in. The show returns again and again to the lobby of the Sahara, where Washington is planted astride her suitcase wearing a white fur coat with only a black lace slip on underneath, slowly getting tanked from nips at her silver flask as management flutters nervously around.
While the experience of segregation was understandably the defining one for a generation of black Americans, the play intrigues us because it suggests Dinah Washington's greatest frustration may have been a more universal one for artists of this era and genre -- am I jazz, blues, rhythm and blues, or pop? It's a silly question, of course, and one that has been thankfully de-emphasized in the latter years of this century. But in Washington's era, it determined a musician's exposure and place in history. "The jazz critics loved me until my record sales went up," noted the white pianist George Shearing decades ago. Washington was adored by Anglo writers when she was strutting through early hits like "Evil Gal Blues," but they turned their faces away in purist disgust when the strings were ladled on for her biggest single, "What a Diff'rence a Day Made." That she refused to abandon her staccato, playful resistance to standard melody, bringing so much independence to the mindless pop pap formula, didn't pierce their puny minds. Meanwhile, white promoters and management drug their feet about bringing Washington to white audiences until "What a Diff'rence a Day Made" made such a financial difference in her career. The singer stood in the center of these push-pull currents, bloodied, unbowed, but drinking and drugging herself to death from the pressure of all that artistic and social rage.
The tragic lives of the great black female singers of the 20th century have been lingered over to the point of leering obsession in print and film, but Dallas Theater Center's Dinah Was strikes a jaunty balance between decay and delirious musical celebration. E. Faye Butler as Washington doesn't really sound much like the original -- she's far less nasal and far more willing to caress the melody and rhythm of a tune -- but she's utterly captivating whether belting dirty blues or whispering a mournful, syrupy ballad. Best of all, she's no apologist for Washington. The Queen of the Blues could be a royal pain in the ass, sometimes because she had to be (club owners accustomed to fleecing black artists come paycheck time might find themselves staring down the barrel of Dinah's pistol if they didn't cough up exactly what they'd promised), but often, toward the end of her flourishing career, because her monstrous ego and voracious emotional needs drove people out of her life. Dinah Was suggests that the most destructive influence in her life may not have been the racism of strangers but the cruel religiosity of her mother (Carla J. Hargrove), a domestic who rejected her daughter Ruth Jones in southside Chicago after the girl switched from church choirs to juke joints. Mama was there throughout Ruth/Dinah's life to remind her child what a disgrace she was in the eyes of God and decent folk, gulping liquor and chasing men and hanging out in the company of homosexuals. (Washington's mother refused to eat at the same table as Rollie, her daughter's gay manager, played here by Jeffrey Hutchinson, but that table resided under a fancy new roof that his career guidance had helped pay for.)