By Elaine Liner
By Jim Schutze
By Rachel Watts
By Lauren Drewes Daniels
By Anna Merlan
By Lee Escobedo
Hard times for a well-situated, well-designed, and well-maintained retail and entertainment hub like the Quadrangle don't jibe with the booming economy. Just like a recent trend among Dallas art galleries to look outside the metroplex for artists to represent and show doesn't make sense when Dallas artists got unprecedented recognition this year in New York's esteemed Whitney Biennial. Recent retrospectives around town of the best home-grown talents--Nic Nicosia, Dan Rizzie, Bill Komodore, David Bates--made not a few local art lovers wistful for more recognition of established Dallas artists and for more faith in the city's new crop of up-and-comers. Cynthia Mulcahy will tell you Houston artists sell better than Dallas artists at Mulcahy Modern; Nancy Whitenack will tell you she's hired a freelance curator to beat the bushes throughout Texas to find new artists to show at Conduit Gallery; and Barry Whistler will say that his gallery's bread-and-butter talents like Ted Kincaid draw big crowds, but the fickle Dallas art-buying public wants more of the East- and West-Coast anointed to hang in its Preston Hollow living rooms. Paint the Dallas art scene "confused."
Don't get Lynn Rushton started on this topic. A self-described plodder, a "workaday artist," she grew up in Dallas, and some of her best art memories are here. She remembers the Quadrangle as a place where artists gathered in the now-dismal courtyard on the weekends for open-air painting, and friendly exchanges with shoppers and neighbors out for a stroll. "I still have a caricature of myself, with dog ears and a tennis racket, that one of those artists drew," Rushton says. "My mother took us all over town for art--she called it enrichment--and I wouldn't trade my childhood here for anything." Rushton recalls countless visits to the Dallas Museum of Art when it was at Fair Park, and a pre-adolescent epiphany that she, too, would become an artist. She left Dallas for school, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts from Vanderbilt and a Master of Fine Arts from Tulane. "I swore I'd never come back to Dallas after falling in love with New Orleans," she says. But close ties and the unmatched support system of her extended, Italian-American family here brought her back. "All the people I love are here," she says. "And most of the people I like."
Rushton cultivates connections among the close community of artists in Dallas in the same way she builds her encaustic-on-panel paintings--layer by layer, bit by bit. Word-of-mouth and friend-of-a-friend referrals keep the 33-year-old artist steadily showing her work here, although she doesn't have a Dallas gallerist, and her only commercial representation is by Austin gallery owner Wally Workman. Melissa Sauvage, principal of Sauvage Art Services, whose clients include the ArtCentre of Plano and Deep Ellum Lofts, gave Rushton her first solo show in March 1999. Sauvage was the founding director of the ill-fated Deep Ellum Center for the Arts who broke out from showing self-taught, street-wise Deep Ellum spray painters and pop artists to showcase the more mainstream work of local artists such as Rushton. "I think she's somebody to watch," Sauvage says. "What attracted me to her at DECA was the strong impressionist style, the bright colors. I loved the composition. At that time her images centered around a rural European lifestyle, and she also incorporated Spanish elements. I think the thing I liked best was her mastery of the technique of encaustic. It's so difficult."
Encaustic is another connection for Rushton. Her sense of a link to ancient art history and the first records of women artists seeps into her conversation as she explains that encaustic is a mixture of damar varnish, beeswax, and pigment, mixed on a heated palette and applied with heated tools to keep it pliable until it hits the painting's surface. "They found a 13th-century woman in France buried with her encaustic tools," she says. "I have a background in art history, and I've always been fascinated with weird frescoes and older things like that. And contemporarily with frescoes, the ancient Greeks used encaustic. Greek statues that we think of as stark white were actually brightly colored with encaustic. They even found traces of encaustic on the Parthenon." Her work at the DECA show referenced art history in other ways. There was a Van Gogh moment in "Saltar," where yellow fields of grain seemed to wave in an imaginary wind. The waxy, raised surface of the medium--and the artist's skillful use of it--adds texture and life to the image. Viewers saw Monet in her "Wishing Well" and "Bridal Veil," works on paper blending pastels, encaustic, and acrylic paint for a softer feel and brighter effect.