By Jim Schutze
By Rachel Watts
By Lauren Drewes Daniels
By Anna Merlan
By Lee Escobedo
By Eric Nicholson
Devlin, who sold Rent-A-Center to Wichita, Kansas-based Thorn America in 1988, describes Talley as "creative and into making money." But he doesn't recall Talley discriminating against women. "Ernie believed red, white, black, green, if they could make you money, you would hire them." In 1974, Talley decided to get out of the appliance business and began investing in apartment complexes, many in Texas. He sold his chain and jumped into state and school-district politics in Kansas before moving to Texas sometime after 1985.
In 1989, Talley re-entered the rent-to-own business by becoming a partner in Vista Rent-to-Own, which had stores in New Jersey and Puerto Rico.
In 1993, Talley formed Renter's Choice and merged Vista into the new company. Then began a series of mergers and acquisitions as Talley gobbled up smaller chains. By May 1998, Talley had amassed 700 stores throughout the United States, and that year made a bid to buy Wichita-based Rent-A-Center's 1,400 stores from Thorn America for $900 million. On August 5, 1998, the deal was consummated.
Corporate-culture clashes happen whenever businesses merge, but for the women working in the Wichita headquarters during the acquisition, the attitudes of the new regime were shocking, especially when Dowell Arnette--Talley's right-hand man--came to visit.
When Angela Turner, an administrative assistant, wore a skirt to the office, Turner claimed in a sworn statement, Arnette said, "So, how far do your legs go up?" When administrative specialist Toni Spurgeon-Coker wore red, she alleged in a sworn statement, Arnette "sized me up from head to toe as if I were in a bar. He said to me, 'Ooooh, you look good in red.'" But when Spurgeon-Coker went to the legal department repeatedly to complain about Arnette's behavior, nothing was done, she claimed.
The new regime also jettisoned Thorn's human-resources department. Jim Weinrich alleges that Dowell Arnette described the HR department as full of "namby-pamby, willy-nilly women." Renter's Choice didn't have an HR department and wasn't interested in adding one to manage the company, which now had 11,300 employees.
By the end of 1998, the Wichita headquarters was closed and everything was consolidated in Plano. One Thorn tradition the new management kept was an annual Las Vegas convention for the company's top brass, middle management and store managers. But under Talley's leadership, the convention turned into a fraternity party, complete with scantily clad female cheerleaders available for photos with employees and group outings to strip clubs.
Although some of the women who attended the convention found it offensive, St. Louis store manager Tammy Shell says it was fun. Shell, who last year earned $74,000 in salary and commissions, was one of the women Rent-A-Center's spokesman suggested as a source for this story. Shell says she didn't have a problem with the cheerleaders' booth; in fact, she agreed to have her picture taken with them. She says she had a good time at the strip clubs because the Rent-A-Center guys were "playing like they were Rams players and the strippers were all over them."
Other former female employees say, however, that just five months after the acquisition by Talley, Rent-A-Center had become a downright hostile place for women.
"No matter how hard I worked or tried, or what I did in the past, none of it mattered," says Wilfong, the Arnold store manager. "Just because I'm a female, it didn't matter."
On January 1, 1999, Wilfong quit. For a few months, she says, she lay around in her pajamas, feeling "pretty depressed, pretty sad." But then she started talking to other women, some who had left Rent-A-Center and others who were trying to "stick it out, and it wasn't going good for them." Wilfong realized, "It wasn't just me that felt betrayed, everybody did."
Wilfong contacted Mary Anne Sedey and Jon A. Ray, prominent St. Louis employment-discrimination lawyers. Wilfong brought with her the names of eight other women who had worked for Rent-A-Center. Each told a tale of discrimination or harassment that started after Talley acquired the company. Suspicious that there was more at work than just one discriminatory store manager or market manager, Sedey and Ray began calling other women around the country. As soon as the word "discrimination" was mentioned, the lawyers say, the women couldn't wait to talk about Rent-A-Center.
But before a sex discrimination lawsuit could be filed, federal law required the women to first go to the EEOC. Donna Harper, supervisory attorney at the EEOC's St. Louis office, was working as the intake attorney when the women filed complaints against Rent-A-Center. Harper searched the EEOC's national database and turned up 25 to 30 additional open charges around the country and consolidated the cases in the St. Louis office.
Harper says her office found that not only did the new owners of Rent-A-Center discharge women as a group, the company was throwing up roadblocks to keep women from being hired. Three managers admitted to the federal agency that they had destroyed women's employment applications, a violation of federal regulations. The EEOC found that there was "reasonable cause" to believe Rent-A-Center "discriminated against women."
In August 2000, Wilfong and 18 other women filed their lawsuit against Rent-A-Center in the federal court in East St. Louis. In May 2001, the EEOC joined the lawsuit as a plaintiff, arguing that the case was "of general public importance."