Citizen Council PAC Paves Way for Trinity Toll Road

City council members grilled over whethere they support a boondoggle

A few weeks ago I had coffee with a guy from another state who was here looking into some local political issues. At one point he kind of bent forward across the table and said in a lowered voice, "I understand there used to be some group here called 'The Dallas Citizens Council' who controlled City Council elections from behind the scenes."

I said, "Yes. There still is."

Then for the next full minute we did, "No!" "Yes!" "No!" "Yes!" If anybody was eavesdropping from a nearby table, we must have sounded like college students gossiping about who was doing it with whom, which, in a sense, we were. Still doing it.

In my visitor's mind, the name Citizens Council was associated with the old white citizens councils that sprang up in the '50s and '60s to fight integration, as the more genteel downtown faces of the Klan. That's not technically fair to the Dallas Citizens Council, which was founded in 1937 before the race-based citizens councils came along. But the visitor remarked that in most cities the organization would have changed its name by now anyway.

Far from that here. In fact, in advance of next summer's City Council elections, the Dallas Citizens Council has jumped out from behind the curtain in a new, much more aggressive posture, having formed a political action committee called the Dallas Citizens Council Community Engagement Committee.

Recent Supreme Court decisions have expanded the reach of the court's landmark 2010 Citizens United ruling, apparently knocking down most state and local restrictions on campaign contributions by political action committees.

Donna Halstead, the longtime executive head of the Citizens Council, stepped down from that post earlier this year to take over running the PAC. In what I'm sure is an indication of the transparency we can expect from the PAC, Halstead failed to respond to my efforts to reach her at home or at work.

The Citizens Council has been grilling people who are declared candidates for City Council in the upcoming May elections, most of whom received a two-page questionnaire some weeks ago. After a few eyewash questions ("What are the biggest three challenges facing the city of Dallas?"), the questionnaire gets down to brass tacks: "Do you support the Trinity Parkway? Why or why not?"

"Trinity Parkway" was the advertising term used in campaign literature 15 years ago to get voters to approve what the Citizens Council really wanted — a multi-lane, high-speed, limited-access toll road along the Trinity River through the city center. Linked to plans for the redevelopment of key landholdings downtown, the toll road has always been, is now and will always be the Citizens Council's premiere piece of business.

I was able to speak with several candidates who had filled out the questionnaire and then showed up for a subsequent oral examination by an inner committee of the Citizens Council. All spoke to me only on condition of anonymity, citing their desire not to incite the further wrath of the Citizens Council even if they already knew it would be supporting their opponents.

Those whose positions on the toll road were in any doubt all told me they took intense drubbings on the issue. Those whose positions were well known but negative said their inquisitors were not interested in hearing their thoughts.

This is a key point in time. Critics of the road have fallen into a false sense of security, certain it will never pass muster in the final scrutiny of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which is not expected to rule on the flood safety aspects before 2014. The critics also have assumed the road, whose cost is now between one and two billion dollars over any existing budget, can never be paid for.

Both assumptions are wrong. The Citizens Council-types have been engaged in intensive back-room maneuvering for state and federal funds through a powerful but little known entity called the Regional Transportation Council, or RTC. Hand-in-glove with the North Central Texas Council of Governments, another regional planning agency, the RTC is lining up chess pieces to divert funding from things like the downtown Dallas "Mixmaster" freeway interchanges to pay for the toll road instead.

They just might make it.

The Corps of Engineers was tough on flood control issues for about five years after the massive levee failures in New Orleans in 2005. Corps officials told cities across the country they might have to rebuild existing levees at enormous costs. In 2009 the corps said scientific analysis had shown the Dallas levees were worthless, incapable of protecting the city from even the lowest levels of flood threat. That finding was a huge blow to the Citizens Council's plans, which involved building a new expressway inside the Trinity River levees, a scheme that would reduce the effectiveness of the levees, subject them to greater stresses and even pose the danger of cave-ins.

But the corps caved in first. Faced with intensive congressional lobbying by a consortium of angry cities determined to go after its budget in Washington, the corps announced two years ago it had started looking at levee safety in a whole new way. The Trinity River levees, which it had previously deemed dangerously dilapidated, were now miraculously way better than they even had to be, safe for eons to come.

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Part II-- The parkway will for the most part be inaccessible from Dallas itself and as a miles-long bridge it's not likely to be very scenic. It would be a bypass, but how does that improve land values in Dallas? You's have to go up to 183 to get on the thing and then get off down at 175, and MAYBE get an interchange around the mixmaster if you can figure out how to leapfrog over the levees, but I don't get why they think this will help the powers that be..... In addition, if they have to build this close to the center of the floodplain, where do all the park amenities the people are expecting get built? That may be a rhetorical question.....


I am curious about how the DCC and the landowners along Stemmons expect the Trinity Parkway to enhance their properties. As mentioned before, the parkway cannot be built on a nicely landscaped berm like the one in the brochures, because that would narrow the floodplain enough to cause a major flood to top the levees. So, the bloody thing will have to be built on an elevated viaduct or bridge structure running for miles in the floodplain past downtown Dallas. It is unlikely the Corps of Engineers will allow the necessary pilings to be placed anywhere near the levees, as they are in many places literally built on a foundation of sand. So, the viaduct will be set away from the levees and that puts it closer to the center of the floodplain, which is not that wide going past downtown. Given that the Corps will not allow drilling for pilings on or near the levees, there would not seem to be much chance for ramps to enter or exit the parkway anywhere the road runs inside the levee system. So exactly how will this enhance any property on the river?


Bloody Volturi.

baker24 1 Like

We live in what used to be part of Sandy Greyson's district 12, but are now in district 11, where Lee Kleinman is running. According to his campaign literature, he is endorsed by the Dallas Citizens Council (well, Craig Holcomb and Donna Halstead, and almost everybody in the establishment, among others). So where do we go? Jim, they are gonna get that road, and that will be the end of any serious development of park amenities in the intra-levee flood plain to serve the hoi pallloi. Not that the DCC ever had any concern for rthe hoi palloi.....

Gangy 1 Like

@baker24  We had all better give Scott Griggs whatever financial, volunteer, and word-of-mouth support we can!

downtownworker 1 Like

So let's cut to the chase. Which candidates (by district) are for the toll road and which ones aren't? I love foreplay but sometimes you just wanna get off.

schermbeck 1 Like

You might be underestimating the candidacy of Claudia Meyer in a new District 3. The District doesn't contain much of the old District 5, but does include much of what was Griggs' old District 3. Hill is not in a traditional incumbent's role. Combine this with the fact that much of her district tolerates Hill, but doesn't have much affection for her style of leadership, and Claudia has a chance.


From what I am reading about the KKK, it was going strong in 1937. SMU and Highland Park opposed it, Oak Cliff and the Fair Park area were strongholds. Earlier, the KKK had opposed all immigration and promoted free health care for white people! I would be interested in knowing if and when the Citizens Council stood against segregation and racism.


@joecook Can you tell us what you are reading? In 1937 the Fair Park area was Jewish. Are you saying that the KKK had Jewish strongholds in Dallas? Please enlighten us.


@casiepierce @joecook No-don't mean that.  I read that the KKK was strong in OC and East Dallas-Fair Park. I will try to find the name of the book. Sorry  I confused you-know nothing about Jews except about one oral history from Morris Fair that is in the possession of Texas Tech. Do not know about Jews and the KKK.  Ruth A Cook


Can we know that ALL of East Dallas was Jewish? As I look at the smaller, older homes there now, I see an area a lot like Oak Cliff.  The book seemed to be saying that the working people of OC-ED were the Klan's backbone. That may be incorrect-just what I read. Nothing was written about the prominent Jewish families with large homes in Fair Park, which is such an interesting area.@joecook