They Tried to Sell Their Attack Bots. They Offered Buyers a Taste. Now, It's Off to Prison.
Within computer-security and hacker circles, the names Thomas James Frederick Smith and David Anthony Edwards are well-known -- have been since 2006, when both men launched remote attacks on computer servers housed at Dallas-based The Planet and T35 Hosting. The attacks were intended to be but the beginning of the end for computers infected with the bug: According to the feds, the Nebraska-based Smith (who also went by the monikers "Zook," "TJ" and "kingsmith007") and Edwards, a Mesquite resident, were demo'ing their bot, codenamed NETTICK, in order to prove to cyberbaddies that, indeed, they could launch an attack on any server via an Internet Relay Chat network.
Back in the summer of '06, Smith was on a hacker forum called CcpowerForums.com, where he posted a message offering to sell the botnet for $750 -- though anyone so interested could also pay $1,200 for the source code. A month later, he proved NETTICK worked, launching a distributed denial of service attack on one of The Planet's servers. The men promised: This was but a small display of their botnet's power.
A would-be buyer was interested; they said they would sell the botnet for 15 cents per infected computer -- with a minimum of 5,000 taken down. By August '06 they found a buyer, who agreed to in September '06 to pay $3,000, half up front. One month later they went after the T35.net database, and made public hundreds of thousands of users' info, including IDs and passwords, public. Which is where the story ends till last April, when a federal grand jury in Dallas indicted both men for what they'd done.
Edwards pleaded guilty in April. Smith took a plea today in front of U.S. District Judge Jane J. Boyle, after filing papers last month admitting his guilt. Both face five years in prison and a $250,000 fine. Legal filings follow.
ANOTHER PLEADS GUILTY IN BOTNET HACKING CONSPIRACY
DALLAS -- Thomas James Frederick Smith, pleaded guilty today before U.S. District Judge Jane J. Boyle to conspiracy to intentionally cause damage to a protected computer and to commit computer fraud, announced U.S. Attorney James T. Jacks of the Northern District of Texas. Smith's co-defendant, David Anthony Edwards, pleaded guilty to the same offense on April 29, 2010. Each faces a maximum statutory sentence of five years in prison, a $250,000 fine and restitution. Smith is scheduled to be sentenced by Judge Boyle on October 21, 2010; Edwards is scheduled to be sentenced on August 19, 2010. Edwards, 20 is from Mesquite, Texas and Smith, 21, is most recently from Parris Island, South Carolina.
According to documents filed in the case, Smith, aka "Zook," "TJ," and "kingsmith007," and Edwards, aka "Davus," agreed and assisted each other in causing the transmission of a program, information, code, or command, by using an Internet Relay Chat (IRC) network (a collection of computers communicating with each by using real-time Internet text messaging or synchronous conferencing), to cause damage to a protected computer. An IRC robot, or "bot," is a program running on an IRC client that responds automatically to commands that are sent to it through the IRC server. An IRC "botnet" is a large number of computers infected with bots.
Smith and Edwards created a coded application file called NETTICK, which could be used to hack into another person's computer and control it. Once transmitted, NETTICK caused the compromised computers (the botnet) to log onto an IRC channel hosted on Edward's website, kidindustries.net, wait for commands, control and command the botnet from the IRC, and thereby damage the computers and computer systems.
Smith was a member of several online forums, including Darkmarket and CcpowerForums.com. In late July 2006, he posted a public message on several forums in which he offered to sell, or discussed his offer to sell, an executable program to control a botnet for $750, or the source code for $1200.
On August 14, 2006, using Edwards' website kidindustries.net, Smith demonstrated NETTICK's capabilities and caused a portion of the botnet, including one compromised computer in North Texas, to engage in a distributed denial of service attack by attaching an IP address at an Internet Service Provider in North Texas. Smith claimed the demonstration involved only a small portion of his botnet. After the demonstration, the purchaser agreed to buy the source code and the entire botnet for approximately $3000, with a $1643 down payment.
In late September 2006, Smith and Edwards accessed, without authorization, the T35.net user database, which provided free personal and business Internet web-hosting services for hundreds of thousands of users. The T35.net user database contained confidential user identifications and passwords, which Smith and Edwards downloaded.
On October 3, 2006, Smith assisted Edwards in defacing the T35.net website and making the user Ids and passwords available to the public. The following day, Smith advised T35.net's administrator that it had been defaced and its user database compromised.
The case is being investigated by the FBI and prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorney C.S. Heath.
Get the This Week's Top Stories Newsletter
Every week we collect the latest news, music and arts stories — along with film and food reviews and the best things to do this week — so that you’ll never miss Observer's biggest stories.
- Ken Paxton Faces Yet Another Misconduct Investigation
Sat., Feb. 13, 7:00pm
Sat., Feb. 13, 9:00pm
University of North Texas Mean Green Mens Basketball vs. Florida International University Golden PanthersThu., Feb. 18, 7:00pm
Fri., Feb. 19, 7:00pm
- Maybe We Should Explain What the White Water Feature Is and Why It's So Screwed
- As Trustees Will Learn, Fixing Dallas Schools Means Fixing Segregation