The sole question asked and answered by the voters was whether the route of the toll road should be between the flood control levees—out in the area that floods, in other words—as opposed to being outside the levees in the area that is protected by the levees from flooding.
Leppert's great accomplishment, then, was in persuading the voters of Dallas to support keeping it inside the levees, where it floods. I'm not sure in retrospect how many voters realized that's really what they were doing by voting down the referendum. The genius of the Leppert campaign was to paint the whole thing as a battle to save the project and Dallas itself from hippie demon East Dallas family-haters.
It worked. Voters narrowly defeated the referendum and preserved a plan to build a multi-lane, high-speed toll road inside a major urban floodway, something that has never been done anywhere else and for a reason.
Now that decision is coming back to haunt us.
Last February, the U.S. Army of Corps of Engineers ruled that the levee system itself is unsafe.
The North Texas Tollway Authority announced in early June it was stopping design work on the road pending resolution of the levee issues. The NTTA had conceded earlier it is at least $1 billion short of the money needed to build the road.
At the end of June, the Federal Highway Administration said that it won't try to assess or approve any route for the road, inside or outside the levees, until after the city completes a 10-month $29 million levee safety study.
My personal favorite: There's a big honking half-built bridge over the toll road, designed at enormous expense by famous Spanish bridge-man Santiago Calatrava, sitting out there in the river bottom in a state of suspended animation because the Corps won't allow the city to build the approaches. As it stands, the bridge is of use only to a reincarnated Evel Knievel.
If Leppert sticks around—maybe only through the end of next year—he will be here long enough for the whole Trinity toll road mess to come crashing down around his shoulders. And when it does crash, it will make a sound heard 'round the world. If nothing else, Calatrava alone will guarantee that. Imagine the great man being asked at news conferences in Europe why his Texas bridge doesn't have any ends on it. He's famously testy. Maybe he'll shrug and say something like, "Ask them, not me. They didn't want ends." Which of course, would bring the question back around to the mayor. Which I would love.
The convention center hotel? I have absolutely no idea. The next few years look like an awfully tough time for bringing a new downtown hotel online, but maybe I'm wrong about that. The more likely source of peril is city ownership and the amount of meddling sure to ensue from bureaucrats and politicians alike.
But let's give him a pass on the hotel. Maybe he sticks around, and the hotel is a feather in his cap.
The real source of danger for Leppert in the next year or so, I firmly believe, is going to be in his extremely active hands-on role in minority contracting. I am persuaded by what I have been seeing in the Don Hill City Hall corruption trial; what I saw at DART when Leppert's finance chairperson, Lynn Flint Shaw, was chairman of the board; and what I have seen in the inland port story.
Leppert is not from Dallas, but he was brought into office by the very heart of the old Dallas political establishment, especially the private Dallas Citizens Council. The old oligarchy has always operated on a system of tight central control, mainly by a few families, lubricated by racial patronage.
That culture is falling apart. One of the places where it is falling apart right now is in the federal courthouse. But it's also coming apart at the seams out on the street. Dallas is full of bright, competitive, heads-up people, minority and not, who don't want and don't need half a dozen heads of old cotton clans handing out Christmas hams.
There will be more revelations of graft at City Hall. Count on it. That culture wasn't built in a day. I am not saying or implying here that anybody will ever accuse Leppert of corruption, because I don't believe that. But I do think he has helped create a narrow, back-room, very political pipeline for public contracts. And I think that role is going to put his name in the same bad picture with people who will be accused.
Frankly, I think it's only fair that he stick around long enough for some of these shoes to fall. Leaving now, with the entire Trinity River project dangling over us by its laces, feels like the height of irresponsibility. If he thought the hotel was such a hot idea, he ought to be here when it opens.